How Often Do Female Cats Go Into Heat?

Cats that are not spayed naturally go through the heat cycle. The heat cycle is also known as estrous and it is an indicator that your female cat is capable of breeding. 

During the heat cycle, an egg is released from the cat’s ovaries. Cats are induced ovulators hence they do not release an egg till they breed. During this period their behavior may change.

Usually, a cat is on heat for about a week. If she does not breed, she will go out of heat then come back into heat again after about a week later. Cats go into heat on a seasonal schedule since they are seasonally polyestrous. They can go through the heat cycle throughout the breeding season

How Often Do Female Cats Go Into Heat?

Symptoms that your cat is on heat

1. Vocalizing.

Your cat may meow, cry and yowl loudly when on heat. Usually, the vocalization is to get attention from the male cats so that they know that she is in heat.

2. Attention-seeking behavior.

While your cat is on heat, she may seek more attention from you. Usually, she will want you to stroke and pet her. In most instances, she will want you to stroke her back and hind end. Othe behaviors may include rolling on the floor and raising their hind end into the air.

3. Begging to go outdoors. 

Some cats may show increased interest to go outdoors while on heat. This is to get a chance to meet males to mate. However, some cats may run away at the first chance they get in the search for male cats. Therefore, ensure windows and doors are closed to prevent your cat from running away.

4. Rubbing their face against objects.

Your female cat on heat will rub against you and objects in the house to spread her scent.

5. Urine spraying.

A female cat in heat will back up to a wall or other vertical object, wiggle its hind end, and spray urine. Cats do this in an attempt to let other cats know it is in heat.

6. Stress and anxiety.

A cat in heat may experience stress and anxiety. Therefore, it is important to keep your cat comfortable during this time to minimize stress.

How often do female cats go into heat?

Female cats become sexually active at the age of 6 months. However, this may vary from one cat to another depending on the cat breed and other external factors.

 A cat’s heat cycle can last between 10 and 14 days. During this period, your female cat may appear more affectionate, restless, and have an increase in appetite. They may also howl to get the attention of the male cats.

 If your cat is not spayed and she mates, chances are high that she will get pregnant. Cats cat give birth to up to two times per year and each litter has an average of 3 kittens. A pregnant cat will have darker and enlarged nipples and her belly size will increase.

Read also: How Do I Tell if My Cat is Pregnant?

Are female cats spayed or neutered?

Neutering is a small procedure done to male cats to remove their testicles. A small incision is done on his scrotum and does not necessarily need stitching. On the other hand, spaying is the surgical removal of the female cat’s uterus and ovaries. These procedures are safe and healthy and the recovery time is also short.

Spaying prevents your female cat from going into heat. Therefore, it is important to get your female cat spayed before they reach maturity. Usually, around 5 months. However, if you did not get your cat spayed while still young, you can still get the procedure for your adult cat. Consult your vet on the best time to spay her.

Read Also: Recovery for Male Cat Neutering

Benefits of spaying

According to the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (ASPCA), spaying has many benefits to your furry baby.

1. It stops the heat cycles

Once you spay your cat, she will not go through the heat cycles. The heat cycles are not only frustrating to your cat but also you. Your kitty will be struggling to get a mate since her biology is pushing her too hence yowl and may try to escape from the house. Also, female cats on heat urine mark which could be annoying and smelly.

2. Your cat will live a long healthy life

Spaying procedure helps in lowering risks of uterine infections and breast tumors. In most cases, these tumors and malignant and could be life-threatening.

3. It saves you money

Spaying prevents your cat from siring kittens. Therefore, it will save you the cost of taking care of a pregnant cat and her kittens.

4. Helps in controlling homeless and stray cat problems  

In the US, many healthy cats do not have a home. Unfortunately, most of them are euthanized. Therefore, spaying your cat will help in minimizing the problem of homeless cats.

Millions of unwanted cats and dogs end up in shelters or as strays on the streets every year. Only a few get adopted. Therefore, the rest are either euthanized or die from trauma, exposure, starvation or disease.


Before spaying your cat, the veterinarian will carry out a complete physical exam of your cat. Also, they with anesthesia your cat to minimize pain and discomfort during the procedure. Most cats are back to their normal selves within a few days. Additionally, the surgery site will heal within two weeks.

Spaying or neutering your cat will prevent unwanted births. Therefore, it will play a part in reducing overpopulation in shelters. Spay your cat to prevent this tragedy from furry babies.

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Best Air Purifier To Remove Dust and Pet Dander (Top Picks)

As a cat owner, you may find out that you or someone in your household is allergic to cats and needs relief from pet dander. Also, you could need help to get rid of the cat hair on the surfaces and pet odors and smells. The best air purifier to remove dust will not only eliminate dust but also will remove pet hair, pet dander, pollen, odors, and other allergens.

Pet dander causes pet allergies. Pet dander consists of very tiny flecks of skin that peel off with your pet hair or fur. Dander is easily spread through the air since it is small in size and light in weight. In turn, this causes allergic reactions in humans.

Read Aslo: Are There Cats That Dont Shed?

Usually, as your cat or dog gets older, they will shed more dander that when they were younger. Therefore, you may notice an increase in pet allergy symptoms in your household as your pet ages. The allergic reaction happens because your body is attempting to protect itself against the dander that your immune system treats as a threat.




Editor's Pick

LEVOIT Air Purifier for Home Allergies and Pets Hair

Best Budget

PARTU HEPA Air Purifier

Best Value

Winix 5500-2 Air Purifier

Review of the best air purifier to remove dust and pet dander

1. Hathaspace Smart True HEPA Air Purifier

Key Features

  • 5-IN-1 air purifier
  • True HEPA filter
  • Smart air quality sensor and auto mode
  • Remote controlled
  • Whisper quiet sleep mode (18dB)
  • Ozone safe and CARB approved
  • Room size up to 350 sq. ft

Hathaspace Smart Purifier is a 5-in-1 air filter system that captures particles you can’t see, with a true HEPA filter that filters 99.97% of particles as small as 0.3 microns. Therefore, it protects you and your family from home air pollutants like dust mites, pollen, mold spores, pet dander, pet hair, odors, smoke, and volatile organic compounds (VOCs). Besides, it controls unwanted odors, destroys allergens, and eliminates smoke

Therefore, this air purifier is perfect to use in a household with pets since it captures pet hair and pet dander so that you, your family and your furry baby can breathe clean air. Nothing compares to breathing clean air at the comfort of your home.

Also, it operates on 5 stages of purification to protect your lungs from a wide range of common and invisible pollutants, mold and toxic chemicals. The activated carbon filter absorbs smoke and odors emanating from cooking and smoking. It has a CARB-approved ionizer, separately controlled, that is turned on to neutralize the most stubborn odors.

The 5-in-1 Purification system includes:

Nano Cold Catalyst Filter- This filter removes larger particles like dust and pet dander. Also, it eliminates toxic household chemicals like ammonia, benzene, and formaldehyde

Cellular Activated Carbon Filter- The activated carbon molecules absorb and remove smoke, gases, odors and volatile organic compounds (VOC’s)

Antibacterial Filter- This filter removes germs and bacteria from the environment

True HEPA Filter- This efficiently removes 99.97% of airborne pollutants, as small as 0.3microns, such as dust mites, pollen, mold spores, and pet dander

Ozone Safe Ionizer-It releases anions (negative ions) that electrically charge air particles and odors. Hence, neutralizing them and making them easy to trap. It is controlled separately.

Additionally, this air filter has a smart air quality sensor that detects and displays your indoor air quality in real-time. Then, the auto mode in the air filter will automatically adjust its fan speed depending on your real-time air environment.

Also, this air filter is remote controlled hence you get to enjoy the flexibility of controlling your air purifier without moving around. It is also very quiet with a noise level of 18dB. You can also turn off the lights completely hence enjoy a good night's sleep.

2. LEVOIT Air Purifier for Home Allergies and Pets Hair

Key Features

  • VortexAir Technology for strong air flow
  • True HEPA filter
  • Noise level upto 24dB
  • Ultra long service life
  • Timer 2,4,6 and 8 hours
  • Filter time indicator
  • Ozone free
  • CARB Compliant

LEVOIT Air Purifier is a high-performance air purifier that uses the core 300 to fill your environment with crisp and clean air. Also, it uses Vortex air technology that creates a stronger airflow hence allowing it to cover up to 215 sq.

The filtration has a larger expansion area and longer than other air purifiers. Also, it has the HEPA filter that works with ultra-fine Pre-filter and carbon filter hence trapping 99.97% of the air pollutants including pollen, pet dander, smoke, and dust.

Additionally, it is very silent. The noise level of this air filter is almost voiceless at sleep mode with only 24db. The Quiet KEAP Technology in this air purifier reduces noise hence ensuring you enjoy a peaceful and clean environment.

Moreover, it is durable hence gives you value for your money. The AC capacitor motor uses a durable high precision bearing and an excellent internal structure that increases abrasion resistance.

This air purifier is Energy Star Verified, FCC Certified, ETL Listed CA PROP 65 Certified and Complies with California Air Resources Board (CARB) for indoor cleaning devices

3. Germ Guardian Air Purifier

Key Features

  • 3-in-1 air purifier with HEPA filter
  • Microbial agent to inhibit mold growth
  • Optional UV-C light to kill germs and airborne viruses
  • Titaniun oxide to reduce VOC
  • Ultra quiet sleep mode
  • 3 speed setting
  • Room size up to 167 sq. ft.
  • CARB Compliant

Germ Guardian Air Purifier is a 3-in-1 air purifier for homes. It uses a true HEPA filter that reduces up to 99.97% of harmful germs, pollen, dust, pet dander, and mold spores. Additionally, it has an antimicrobial agent added to the filter to help inhibit the growth of mold, odor-causing bacteria and mildew on the filter’s surface.

Moreover, this filter has a UV-C light that kills airborne viruses including influenza, rhinovirus, and staph. Also, it works with Titanium oxide to reduce volatile organic compounds. It has a pre-filter that traps allergens including pet hair, dust and pollen hence extending the life of the HEPA filter. Additionally, it has an activated charcoal filter that helps in reducing odors from pets, smoke and cooking fumes.

You can set this air purifier to a sleep mode that is ultra-quiet hence enjoy a good night’s rest with clean air. Also, it has 3-speed settings and optional UV-C light. It is the perfect air purifier for medium to large rooms, up to 153 sq. feet.

To maintain performance, replace the parts with genuine Germ Guardian parts. Also, replace the filter every 6-8 months and the UV-C bulb every 10-12 months.Furthermore, this air purifier is AHAM Verified, CARB Compliant, and Energy Star Certified.

4. Vremi Large Room Home Air Purifier

Key Features

  • 3 stage filtration
  • True HEPA air filter
  • Smart air quality monitor
  • Compactly engineered
  • Quiet with gentle night lamp (52dB)
  • Built in 2, 4, and 8 hour timer
  • For rooms upto 300 sq. ft.

Vremi Large Room Home Air Purifier uses a true HEPA air filter that traps 99.97% of dust, pet dander, allergens, pollen, and other airborne irritants. Thus, it helps fill your environment with crisp, clean air all the time.

Additionally, it has a powerful 3 stage filter that includes ultra-fine pre-filter, True HEPA filter and activated carbon filter that helps on reducing odors. Its run time is approximately 180days. Also, it has an inbuilt smart air sensor that measures and displays the air quality level and adjusts the fan speed to low, medium or high. It also has a reset filter indicator that flashes when it is time to replace the filter.

Moreover, it is compactly engineered with a 360-degree aerodynamic air intake. Its modern design makes it perfect for the living room, bathroom, bedroom, and office. Besides, it is very quiet with a gentle night lamp plus an inbuilt 2, 4 and 8-hour timer for convenience.

Note that the filter that comes with the air purifier ships with a protective plastic sleeve. Therefore, remove the plastic sleeve from the filter before you use it.

5. Hamilton Beach Air Purifier with Permanent True HEPA Filter

Key Features

  • Permanent HEPA filter (can be vacuumed clean)
  • Compact stylish design that fits anywhere
  • 3 ultra quiet speed setting (38-59dB)
  • Medium or quick clean setting
  • For rooms up to 160 sq. ft.

Hamilton Beach Air Purifier works with a high-performance True HEPA filter that captures 99.97% of pet dander, dust mites, dust, pollen, and mold. This air purifier is easy to clean and has a permanent HEPA filter. This filter can be vacuumed clean hence no need to buy replacement filters.

Moreover, it has a compact stylish design that makes it the perfect filter for your home or office.  You can position it vertically or horizontally to best fit the space you want to use it in. It can be used for rooms up to 160 sq. ft. Besides, it is very quiet yet powerful. It uses a whisper Clean for extra quiet operation at night. Also, it has the medium setting or the quiet clean setting for a more powerful air cleaning.

Moreover, this air purifier has a fragrance sponge. You will need to add a drop of essential oil (purchased separately) and some water into the sponge below the purifier air outlet. Then, the fragrance will flow with the air movements.

It has a three fan setting that lets you control the speed and volume of the Air purifier. Besides, it comes in a sleek design, compact enough to fit on your desk. The noise level of this air purifier is 38-59dB.

6. RENPHO Air Purifier

Key Features

  • 5 Stage filtration system
  • True HEPA air filter
  • Smart air quality monitor
  • Auto mode
  • Whisper-quiet operation sleep mode
  • Separate filter replacement indicator
  • For rooms up to 301sq. ft.
  • CARB Certified

RENPHO Air Purifier utilizes a 5 stage filtration system. The filtration system contains a washable pre-filter, activated carbon filter, and True HEPA filter that effectively eliminates 99.97% of airborne pollutants including pet dander, dust, smoke, and pollen. This air filter effectively purifies air in rooms up to 301 sq. ft.

Additionally, it has a smart air quality monitor with an inbuilt smart air quality sensor. Therefore, when set in auto mode, it can detect the air quality in real-time and automatically adjust fan speed depending on the air quality it senses.

Besides, it is perfect for any room including bedrooms since it operates in a whisper-quiet mode. Also, it has a child lock mode so that it cannot be affected by curious cats or kids.

It has a filter replacement indicator light that flashes when the specific filter needs changing. Therefore, you do not need to replace all the filters together as one piece which saves you money. Moreover, it is certified by CARB.

7. PARTU HEPA Air Purifier

Key Features

  • 3 Stage filtration system
  • 100% Ozone free
  • Has a fragrance sponge
  • Child lock
  • Compact sleek design
  • Very quiet (38-59dB)
  • For rooms up to 107 sq. ft.

PARTU HEPA Air Purifier is a compact yet very powerful air purifier that captures dust, smoke, odor and pet dander using a True HEPA air filter. This purifier uses an efficient three-stage filtration system. It comprises a pre-filter, a HEPA filter, and an activated carbon filter. Therefore, it efficiently captures pollutants as small as 0.3 microns to offer you healthy fresh air to breathe.

NOTE: The replacement filter should be replaced every 3-6 months depending on the air quality in your area and use of the Air Purifier to ensure the best results.

8. HomeLabs Air Purifier

Key Features

  • 3 Stage filtration
  • True HEPA H13 filter that captures particles as small as 0.1 microns
  • Quiet (less than 50dB)
  • Child lock
  • For rooms up to 194 sq. ft.

HomeLabs Air Purifier utilizes a True HEPA H13 filter to remove 99.97% of the microscopic . This filter captures pollutants as small as 0.1 microns in size. Additionally, it has a 3-stage filtration that includes a pre-filter, HEPA filter, an activated carbon filter to effectively get rid of even the smallest pollutants in the air. Each filter lasts up to 2100 hours.

Moreover, this filter is compactly engineered for rooms up to 194 sq. feet. Therefore, it is perfect for use in small rooms. Also, it is very quiet and the wind speed can be set depending on your preference. Besides, it operates at a very low noise level that is not more than 50dB. Hence, you will enjoy a good night's sleep.

Also, it comes with a night light feature that lets you see it in the dark. Simply press the night light button to turn it on and off, to adjust brightness. It comes with a child lock function too.

9. Winix 5500-2 Air Purifier

Key Features

  • True HEPA air filter
  • Washable AOC Carbon Filter
  • Quiet (27.8dB)
  • PlasmaWave acts as permanent filter
  • Smart sensors
  • Automode
  • For rooms up to 360 sq. ft

Winix 5500-2 Air Purifier uses a True HEPA filter that captures 99.97% of air pollutants including dust, pet dander, and pollen and dust mites. This air purifier is outstanding since it uses a washable AOC Carbon Filter. The carbon filter is made from activated carbon granular for the elimination of household odors.

The Plasma Wave in this filter acts as a permanent filter to safely and effectively get rid of odors, dust, pet dander, chemical pollutants, and other pollutants without using harmful ozone.

Besides, this air purifier has smart sensors that consistently monitors the air in your environment and an auto mode that adjusts the fan to filter the air as required. The LED indicator displays the indoor air quality on a scale of good to poor (Blue - Amber - Red). When the unit senses a change in air quality, it automatically adjusts the fan speed to optimally clean the environment.

Also, it has a sleep mode for use at night time. Therefore, you enjoy a good night's sleep with clean and crisp air and no noise interruption from the filter since it is very quiet with 27.8dB only.

Moreover, this filter is CADR rated for 30sq feet room size. It is also suitable for large and medium rooms, bedrooms, family rooms, and the kitchen.

best air purifier to remove dust, pet dander, and odors, cat relaxing on sofa

Tips on efficiently using your air purifier to remove pet dander

1. Consider the placement for the air purifier

It is advisable to place the air purifier closer to the center of the room to effectively get rid of the allergens. Most air purifiers need at least 18-24 inches of clearance on all sides to maximize their air cleaning power. Avoid placing your air purifier in a corner of a room as it will be less efficient in cleaning your air.

Additionally, avoid obstructing the outward path of clean airflow. This will prevent the air purifier from cleaning the air in the entire room. Therefore, to ensure this does not happen, place your air purifier where there are no obstructions to it.

2. Avoid turning the air purifier off

Air purifiers do not work like cooling fans where you turn on and off as you need. Therefore, to ensure optimal performance of your air purifier to remove allergens and pollutants, ensure it runs 24/7 without obstructions. Turning it off will allow contaminants to build up in your environment.

The best air purifier to remove dust and pet dander comes with an auto mode. On auto mode, it regulates itself depending on the number of pollutants in the air in real-time. Also, they should be very quiet to avoid nuisance at night as they run.

3. Change the air filter regularly

When the filter in the air purifier gets clogged and dirty, it will not remove pollutants from your environment efficiently. Thus, check and change the filters regularly or as recommended by the air purifier manufacturer. The best air purifier to remove dust and pet dander will have a filter change light that indicates when it is time to change the filter.

Factors to consider when choosing the best air purifier to remove dust and pet dander

1. HEPA ( High-Efficiency Particulate Air ) Air Filter

The best air purifier to remove dust and pet dander will come equipped with a HEPA filter to eliminate pollutants in your environment. HEPA filters are the highest standard for air purification.

2. Room coverage

The air purifier you decide to purchase should have a maximum room coverage limit. Therefore, ensure that the air purifier you choose has the power to cover your home.

3. Air Ionizer 

An air ionizer is a device that electronically charges (ionize) air molecules. Therefore, it has the advantage of attracting and trapping pollutants hence resulting in clean and fresh air for your household.

4. Size

When choosing the best air purifier to remove dust and pet dander, consider its size. They come in different sizes and shapes. Therefore, choose the one that is not too big for your space.

5. Check the number of filtration stages

The best air purifier to remove dust and pet dander effectively will have more than 2 filtration stages. Generally, the more the filtration stages, the better the air purifier. The basic requirements are a pre-filter to trap pet hair, a True HEPA filter to eliminate pet dander and an ionizer for enhanced odor and bacteria elimination. The best air purifier to remove dust and pet dander helps you achieve a clean and fresh living environment for you, your family, and your furry baby

6. Filter life expectancy

All filters will require replacement eventually. Some purifiers come with washable and reusable filters. Most carbons activated pre-filters last between 3-12 months. Whereas, True HEPA filters require changing every 6-9 months. The best air purifier to remove dust and pet dander will have a filter indicator that shows when the filter needs changing.


If you are looking for relief from dust and pet allergies, then it is time to look for the best air purifier to remove dust, pet dander, and odors. The best air purifier to remove dust will not only eliminate dust but also will remove pet hair, pet dander, pollen, odors, and other allergens.

Therefore, you will not have to clean your home as often as when you were not using one. It is important to note that the longer the air purifier runs, the more the allergens will be sucked into the machine.

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